Psychology News and Research Briefs Category Archive:
Child Adolescent Mental Health
Nurturing Moms Boost Brain Growth
Study shows nurturing behaviors lead to a larger hippocampus in children.
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Exercise Equals Good Grades
Physical activity boosts academic performance.
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Mother's Mental State Crosses Placenta
Fetal brains sense their mothers moods and develop according to the environment they will enter based on the mental state of their mothers, shows a study on mothers and babies from the University of California-Irvine.
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HIgh Rates of Violence and Gang Membership in Teens of Deployed Parents
Teens with deployed parents are more likely to join gangs, get in physical fights, and carry weapons to school.
Plastic Chemical BPA Linked to Behavior Problems in Girls
Daughters exposed to high levels of a chemical found in common plastics have been found to have higher levels of behavior problems in early childhood.
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Does Facebook Put Teens at Risk for Depression?
The American Academy of Pediatrics cautions parents about social media dangers.
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Success in Adulthood Linked to Childhood Impulsivity
What if an individual's success and health could be traced back to a childhood single factor? According to new research, it can.
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Newborns Learn While Asleep
Sleeping babies are doing more than giving their parents a much-needed rest--they are learning at an incredible rate.
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Gay Population More Likely to Experience Violence, PTSD
Gay and lesbian adults face a greater risk of post-traumatic stress disorder as a result of increased exposure to violence in early life.
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Why Some Kids Don't Fit In
Researchers pinpoint key factors that may make social interaction difficult for children.
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The Connection Between Bedtime & Teen Mental Health
Teenagers' bedtimes have been found to be linked to rates of depression and thoughts of suicide. Find out what you can do to help your teen get an appropriate night's sleep.
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Kids, Not Teachers, Challenge Gender Roles
Even trained teachers may have trouble implementing gender equality in the classroom, while children often challenge the boundaries of sex roles on their own.
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Depression and Anxiety Affect Many Preschoolers
Researchers say up to 15 percent of children under age five are affected by high levels of depression and anxiety.
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Can Summer Jobs Prevent Teen Suicide?
Holding a summer job has surprising benefits for teens at risk of suicide.
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When Staying Together For The Kids Is A Bad Idea
Growing up in a two-parent household carries many benefits for children--except when parents frequently argue.
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Witnessing Family Violence As A Child May Lead to Depression, Alcoholism in Adulthood
Witness violence between parents before the age of 18 has been found to have great effects on adult mental health including increased risk of depression, alcoholism and spousal and child abuse.
ADHD Study Shows Behavior Modification As Effective As Pills
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder may benefit as much from learning skills to cope with attention deficit as they do from taking ADHD drugs.
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Most Children On Antidepressants Not Receiving Therapy
A large-scale study on children and teens on antidepressants shows that at least half do not receive therapy in conjunction with medication. The study used data from a database of 6.8 million youth with insurance claims for antidepressants. Data showed that only about 40 percent also received a referral for at least one therapy session.
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How War Changes Children's Ideas About Right and Wrong
For many of the world's children, youth is not merely a time of carefree play. The United Nations estimates that children in as many as 50 countries around the world are currently affected by war.
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Background Television May Impair Attention In Young Children
A new study published in the journal Child Development shows homes with a T.V. always on may harm a young child's ability to focus--even if they're not actually watching it.
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Review Supports Importance Of Active Father Figures
Regular contact with a father figure leads to fewer psychological problems in girls and fewer behavioral problems in boys. For low-income children, this contact also leads to a lower chance of criminal activity and improved language and reasoning skills. T...
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Low-Quality Day Care Means High Stress Levels For Children
Leaving home for daycare is often an upsetting experience for young children. However, the quality of child care can make a huge difference as to whether children stay upset or gain new social and linguistic skills while away from home.
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Bullying Both A Cause and Effect of ADHD
Research appearing in February's Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology shows that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to be bullies--and to have been bullied.
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Adult Personality Type May Be Determined By Preschool
Young children who are shy tend to stay that way into adulthood, shows new research on personality that shows the same goes for aggressive children, although they tend to mellow out somewhat as time goes by.
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Guidelines for Psychopharmacological Treatment of Young Children Released
In light of a recent increase in the number of children aged 3 to 6 receiving psychiatric medication, medical professionals have released a set of treatment guidelines.
Infants Show Preference for Altruism
Are we born samaritans? New research from Yale University suggests infants as young as six months old show a preference towards people whose actions make them "helpers" and not "hinderers."
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Playground Prowess and Popularity
Surveying 99 boys and 109 girls on loneliness, their peers' athletic ability and how much they liked their fellow students, researchers have found a direct correlation between perceived athletic ability and popularity.
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Toddlers Understand Whole Better Than Parts
Children in the early stages of language acquisition are more likely to attribute new vocabulary to whole objects rather than parts, shows a new study.
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Oxytocin Linked to Mother-Child Bonding in Humans
Maternal instinct is delivered in a hormonal package, shows new research establishing the connection between the levels of oxcytocin in a pregnant woman's body and her mothering skills.
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PsychBriefs: September 23-29, 2007
Could Alzheimer's Be "Type III" Diabetes? New research from Northwestern University researchers shows that Amyloid beta oglimers in the brain of Alzheimer's patients remove insulin receptors from nerve cells, rendering neurons insulin resistent, thereby dis...
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PsychBriefs: September 9-15, 2007
Preschoolers Who Sleep Less Suffer Learning Problems Preschoolers who sleep less than ten hours per night are at risk for learning problems when they enter school, shows a six-year study of 1500 Canadian children. Children who regularly underslept before ...
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Study Shows Autonomy Essential to Children of All Cultures
University of Illinois researchers studying parenting styles in both the U.S. and China have shown that controlling parents are destructive to children's academic achievement no matter what the cultural context. The six-month study appearing in the Septemb...
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Research Identifies Natural Treatments for ADHD, Compulsive Gambling
Findings to be published in the journal Nutritional Neuroscience report that an extract from French maritime pine trees called Pycnogenol may help ease the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study examined 57 Slovakian children...
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PsychBriefs: September 2-8, 2007
Suicide Rates Rise in U.S. Girls A report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on 2004 suicide rates shows an eight percent increase in suicides among Americans age 10 to 24 following a 13-year decline. This increase was most dramatic among gir...
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Teen Suicides Increase After Antidepressant Warnings
In 2004, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European regulators issued warnings against the use of antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in children and adolescents. Shortly thereafter, the FDA issued a mandate sta...
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PsychBriefs: August 19 - 25, 2007
Our weekly wrap-up of news, interesting research, and noteworthy happenings in the worlds of psychiatry, psychology, and social work. Boys with Reading Problems Fare Better with Female Teachers A study of 175 third- and fourth-grade boys in a ten-week read...
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Child Maltreatment Rates Soar During Military Deployment
War deployments place stress on both soldier parents and civilian spouses left behind. However, it is the children who may suffer the most as they both miss and worry about the deployed parent and are affected by the additional stress put on the family, oft...
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Infants Have Theory of Mind By 13 Months
New research shows that babies can read minds...sort of. Theory of Mind, the ability to recognize that others have their own thoughts and emotions, has long been a hot topic in the field of infant cognition. Famous developmental psychologist Jean Piaget ar...
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Big Girls Don't...Go To College?
Obese girls are half as likely to attend college as their thinner peers, shows a new study appearing in Sociology of Education. They are also more likely to consider killing themselves and to try drugs or alcohol. Analyzing data on almost 11,000 adolescent...
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Girl Talk Leads To Anxiety And Depression
It seems the normally calming effect of expressing your troubles may not kick in if you're a teenage girl who spends a lot of time discussing them. University of Missouri associate professor of psychological sciences Amanda Rose reports that 'co-rumination...
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PG-13 Films Teach Kids Violence
A report on top-earning movies marketed to adolescents published in Pediatrics shows that 87 percent of PG-13 films contain scenes of violence. Studying a sample of 77 films released between 1999 and 2000, researchers found 2251 acts of violence, with a me...
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Infants Begin Learning Rules Of Speech At Seven Months
From birth, babies show a preference for the sound of human speech over other sounds. Now, research published in Psychological Science shows that at just seven months, infants are already scanning what is said to them for patterns. The study presented infa...
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Quality Child Care Buffers Effects Of Poverty
Poverty in early childhood has been repeatedly linked to mental health problems such as depression and anxiety later in life. However, University of North Carolina researchers now show that high quality childcare during these years may help protect them fro...
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PsychBriefs: April 28-May 4, 2007
Our weekly wrap-up of news, interesting research, and noteworthy happenings in the worlds of psychiatry, psychology, and social work. This week: April 28-May 4, 2007. Mentally Ill Die 25 Years Earlier People treated for serious mental illness in public sys...
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Reading Troubles Lead To Depression, Anxiety In Disadvantaged Children
Difficulties in reading may precede depression and anxiety, especially for children from low-income families, report researchers from the University of Delaware and West Chester University of Pennsylvania. A study of 105 children age four to 12 published ...
Day Care Linked to Behavior Problems
The good news for working parents? Children who spend ten or more hours per week at a day care center have stronger vocabulary skills by fifth grade, particularly if they receive high quality care. The bad news? The more time they spend in child care, the m...
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Proposed DSM Addition to Cover Symptoms of Childhood Trauma
An article published in the latest issue of the American Psychological Association's Monitor on Psychology reports on a new diagnosis being proposed for inclusion into the 2011 edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the DSM-V....
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Article: Is America Overmedicating Its Foster Children?
It seems the ever-increasing use of psychiatric drugs to treat children may be hitting hardest the troubled youngsters placed foster homes and residential facilities after their parents lose or forfeit custody: Parents and child advocacy groups are accusing...
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One in Three Young Teenage Boys Are Heavy Users of Pornography
Young teenage boys are very heavy users of sexually explicit media content on digital or satellite television, video, and DVD and the Internet. When surveyed anonymously, 90 percent of boys and 70 percent of girls aged 13 and 14 reported accessing sexually...
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Helping Girls Resist Media Sexualization
Imagine a 5-year-old girl walking through a mall wearing a short T-shirt that says "Flirt." Consider the instructions given in magazines to preadolescent girls on how to look sexy and get a boyfriend by losing 10 pounds and straightening their hair. Envis...
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How Teens Use Social Networking Sites
A nationwide survey of 12- to 17-year-olds shows that most teens are using social networking sites like MySpace responsibly and in ways that mimic normal social behavior. More than half of teens surveyed reported having a profile, but two-thirds of these a...
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Length of Inpatient Youth Mental Health Treatment Declines Dramatically
The median inpatient hospital stay for youth receiving mental health treatment declined from 12.2 days to 4.5 days between 1990 and 2000. This decrease occurred in spite of increases in the diagnosis of serious psychiatric disorders and cases of self-injury...
FDA Warning: Antidepressants May Increase Suicide Risks in Young Adults
The Food and Drug Administration has proposed that antidepressants such as Paxil, Prozac and Zoloft must now feature an FDA label warning of increased risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in patients under 24. This action follows a meta-analysis of 372 s...
Report: Children's Shows Contain Twice the Violence of Primetime TV
An analysis of children's programming released by the Parents' Television Council (PTC) reports that shows aimed at five- to ten-year-olds involve even higher levels of violence and other mature content than many prime-time programs. Examining almost 450 ...
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Article: Increasing Number of Youth on Multiple Psychiatric Medications
Many children and adolescents these days aren't simply on psychiatric medication, but on "cocktails" of two or more medicines a day designed to combat everything from poor concentration to insomnia. Without substantial proof that the benefits of such combin...
How Kids Seperate Truth from Fiction
Parents who urge children not to believe everything they hear need not worry: Children as young as four are able to distinguish fantasy from reality using context clues according to Effects of context on judgments concerning the reality status of novel enti...
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Depressed Youth Try Alcohol Sooner
Ten- to 13-year-olds who show signs of depression are more than twice as likely to try alcohol than their peers, a Columbia University study has shown. Interviewing more than 1000 children in this age group who had never tried alcohol, researchers found th...
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Youth in Developing Countries Happiest
People between the ages of 16 and 34 in developing countries such as China are twice as likely to report leading happy lives as their peers in developed nations like Britain and Japan, a survey by MTV Networks International (MTVNI) shows. Overall, 43 perce...
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Adolescents, Decision-Making and Rationality
Adolescents have never been known for their great decision-making skills, but a new study has shown them to be no more optimistic about the risks associated with actions such as smoking than are adults. Rather, they are more likely to overestimate their ris...
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13 Percent of Teens with Problem Acne Attempt Suicide
Acne may have devastating effects on the mental health of teenagers, a new study shows. In a New Zealand study of nearly 9570 students age 12 to 18, nearly 35 percent of the students with problem acne also reported suicidal thoughts and ten percent reported...
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Percentage of Infants Thought to be 'Depressed'
Some doctors now claim that infants too may suffer from depression, exhibiting tell-tale signs such as a lack of emotional expression and trouble eating and sleeping. Either a damaging home environment or genetic predisposition may account for the baby blue...
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Children Benefit from Accurate Perceptions of Likability
Children with realistic perceptions of how well they are liked by peers are less likely to become depressed--even if they are not well liked, research at Florida State University shows. At the beginning and six months into the schoolyear, students in grade...
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Child Abuse Alters Brain Chemistry
A long-term study on monkeys shows that being raised by an abusive parent may alter brain chemistry in such a way that children are more prone to abusing their own offspring as adults. Emory University researchers studied infant monkeys raised by both abus...
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Effects of Tsunami Trauma on Adults and Children
Researchers studying the mental health of Thai people affected by the 2004 tsunami have found interesting differences between the mental health of children and adults affected by the tragedy. Children were found to be at a key risk for Post-Traumatic Stres...
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Mothers with PTSD Drawn to Violent Entertainment; Children May Suffer
A study of 76 mothers with a history of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has found that these mothers watch more violent programming than other mothers, said researchers at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry in ...
Study Okays Ritalin for Preschoolers, Debate Ensues
A long-term study of preschoolers with Attention Deficit Disorder which will appear in the November Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychology, suggests that the benefits of giving small doses Ritalin, a drug normally prescribed only...
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Survey Shows 'Cyberbullying' Up
With the ever-increasing use of blogs, instant messaging and social networking sites among teens and children has come a rise in bullying via the Internet, or "cyberbullying," a study published in the most recent issue of Pediatrics says. In a survey of te...
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Ethnic Pride Leads to Happier Adolescents
A Wake Forest University study published in the September/October issue of Child Development shows that teens with positive feelings toward their ethnic group are happier than those with negative feelings about their ethnicity. More than 400 ninth graders ...
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Playtime Prescribed to Overscheduled Kids
As many parents enroll children in an ever-increasing number of sports, enrichment and academic-related activities, health officials say the one thing missing from many kids' schedules these days is some good old-fashioned play. A report presented at the a...
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Children Who Witness Violence at Home More Likely To Bully
A study by researchers at the University of Washington and Indiana University published in Pediatrics shows that children who have witnessed violence in the home are more likely to be bullies.
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Children with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Are Prime Targets for Bullies
In Peer Victimization in Children With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Relations With Symptoms of Psychopathology, published in the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, vol. 35, No. 3, researchers find that children with OCD are almost three...
This is an archive page containing articles from Psychology Briefs, the FindCounseling.com Blog.