Psychology News and Research Briefs Category Archive:
Learning and Learning Disorders
Nurturing Moms Boost Brain Growth
Study shows nurturing behaviors lead to a larger hippocampus in children.
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Exercise Equals Good Grades
Physical activity boosts academic performance.
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U.S. ADHD Rates Approach 10 Percent
A survey of U.S. households shows that rates of ADHD have risen drastically.
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Why Are Youngest Students 50 Percent More Likely To Be Diagnosed With ADHD?
Are students being wrongly diagnosed with ADHD? A new study finds that children born the day before the cut-off date are 50 percent more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than students born the day after.
Newborns Learn While Asleep
Sleeping babies are doing more than giving their parents a much-needed rest--they are learning at an incredible rate.
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No Scientific Evidence for Learning Styles
Researchers find lacking scientific evidence for long-held theories about learning styles.
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Kids, Not Teachers, Challenge Gender Roles
Even trained teachers may have trouble implementing gender equality in the classroom, while children often challenge the boundaries of sex roles on their own.
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Kindergarten Behavior Predicts High School Test Scores
Research finds that attention levels in kindergarten are strongly linked to high school achievement test scores.
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Facebook's Connection To Bad Grades
Students who use Facebook spend less time studying and have lower grades.
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ADHD Study Shows Behavior Modification As Effective As Pills
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder may benefit as much from learning skills to cope with attention deficit as they do from taking ADHD drugs.
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Foster Children Experience Marked IQ Gains Over Institutionalized Orphans
Abandoned children who receive foster care receive an average eight- to ten-point IQ boost over those who enter orphanages, shows a new study on abandoned Romanian children.
Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Cause Drop in Verbal IQ
Past research shows that attending schools in low-income areas hurts learning even when teaching does not suffer. Now, research from Harvard University shows that children who grow up in disadvantaged neighborhoods experience declines in verbal IQ.
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A rose by any other name would smell as sweet, at least according to William Shakespeare. But according to researchers at the University of California, San Diego and Yale University our names, and specifically our initials, do have a subconscious impact on performance...
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Hand Gestures Help Math Processing
Encouraging children to gesture as they work through unmastered math skills helps them more successfully learn how to complete the process correctly.
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PsychBriefs: October 14-20, 2007
Our weekly wrap-up of news, interesting research, and noteworthy happenings in the worlds of psychiatry, psychology, and social work.
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PsychBriefs: September 2-8, 2007
Suicide Rates Rise in U.S. Girls A report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on 2004 suicide rates shows an eight percent increase in suicides among Americans age 10 to 24 following a 13-year decline. This increase was most dramatic among gir...
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Back to School: Studies Highlight Strategies for Better Learning
Just in time for the start of the school year, two studies published in the August edition of Current Directions in Psychological Science are shedding light on effective learning practices. The first focuses on "metacomprehension," our ability to judge ho...
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PsychBriefs: August 19 - 25, 2007
Our weekly wrap-up of news, interesting research, and noteworthy happenings in the worlds of psychiatry, psychology, and social work. Boys with Reading Problems Fare Better with Female Teachers A study of 175 third- and fourth-grade boys in a ten-week read...
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Good Instruction Not Enough For Low-Income Students
Providing comprehensive instruction by quality teachers is all it takes to raise the famously dire reading scores of low-income schools, right? Wrong. A new study realeased by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill shows that school and classroom...
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Study Finds The Blind Have Superior 'Serial Memory'
Remembering the order of things can be key to finding the right doorway, shirt or flavor of yogurt for someone who cannot see. A new study shows that this aspect of understanding and organizing the world may train the minds of the blind to have superior "se...
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Math: Easier Than 1, 2, 3 For Young Children
According to a study conducted at Harvard University, children as young as five years old are able to solve approximate addition and subtraction problems involving large numbers even before they have been taught basic mathematical concepts.
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Infants Begin Learning Rules Of Speech At Seven Months
From birth, babies show a preference for the sound of human speech over other sounds. Now, research published in Psychological Science shows that at just seven months, infants are already scanning what is said to them for patterns. The study presented infa...
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Have Parents Been Duped By Educational Television?
America's children are watching television before they can walk--or even sit up. One in five babies and children under the age of 2 now has their own television set in their room reports a survey of 1009 parents, and that number doubles by age 4. Other fin...
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Brain Study Shows Fears Learned From Others Same As Fears Experienced Firsthand
The brain uses similar neural processes to learn fears whether through personal experience or social observation, show NYU psychologists. Subjects in the study watched a video that showed another person receiving electric shocks connected to a colored squa...
Forgetting Your Native Tongue May Help You Pick Up a Second
When learning a second language, many people find that they have occasional difficulty remembering words from their native tongue. This phenomena is called first-language attrition, and is currently being studied by University of Oregon researchers Benjamin...
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Television Not an Effective Educational Tool
British psychologist Aric Sigman warns that using educational television in the classroom may harm student learning. Contradicting arguments that students at moneyed schools have an unfair educational advantage because of the ease in obtaining televisions, ...
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Bilingualism Staves Off Dementia
Scientists at Canada's Rotman Research Institute at the Baycrest Research Centre for Aging and the Brain have found that using two languages throughout one's life delays symptoms of dementia for up to four years. Researchers charted 184 patients with Alzhe...
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Psychiatrists Ask: When to Discontinue ADHD Medication?
An article published in the September issue of the Journal of Psychopharmacology studies the same questions many attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients ask as they enter adulthood: What are the long-term effects of using psychostimulants l...
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Happiness Can Be Distracting, Researchers Say
A new study reports that feelings of happiness boost creativity--but make it harder to focus on a single task. As the brain receives data from all of the body's sensory organs--the eyes, nose, mouth, skin and ears--it must decide what is immediately pertine...
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Article: As ADD Kids Grow Up, Many Reject Medication
As the original Ritalin generation enters adulthood, many childhood sufferers of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are choosing to wean themselves off the medications of their youth. Around 90 percent of c...
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New Dyslexia Model Finds 'Noise' at Root of Disorder
Recent studies by University of Southern California researchers suggest the reading problems associated with dyslexia are caused by problems filtering out external "noise." These findings contradict the long-held theory that the learning disorder was due t...
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Boys and Girls Process Language in Different Parts of Brain
When children make language mistakes, girls use the part of the brain used for declarative memory or tasks like memorizing words and associations while boys use procedural memory and the part associated with governing the rules of language, Georgetown Unive...
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Language Disorder Tied to Genetics
Research published in the current issue of Current Directions in Psychological Science has shown genetics to be the most important factor in the development of Specific language impairment (SLI), a condition which causes slow language development unrelated ...
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Reading from Realistic Picture-Books Speeds Toddler Learning
A study by University of Queensland and University of Virginia researchers shows that reading to toddlers from books with high iconicity, or images resembling those of real life, helps them learn about the world around them faster. One hundred thirty-two c...
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Fathers Vital to Child Language Development in Dual-Income Homes
A new study shows that in families with two working parents, fathers play a greater role in child language development than do mothers. Researchers videotaped couples interacting with their two-year-old children. Returning a year later, they found that whe...
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Poor Readers Show Higher Risk of Suicide, Dropout
Adolescents with reading problems are more likely to drop out of school and to consider suicide, a Wake Forest University Study shows. Researchers tracked 188 high school students for three years. They found that 25 percent of students testing in the lowe...
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Attitudes About Learning May Affect Your Memory
A series of experiments by Columbia researchers show that people who believe that intelligence can be acquired through dedication and hard work have better memories than people who think smart people are just born that way. According to Columbia psychology...
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Montessori Socially and Academically Superior to Traditional Education, Study Says
Research published in the September 29, 2006 issue of Science shows notable academic and social benefits to the Montessori method of education which emphasizes self-directed learning, small groups, minimal grading and testing, independence, responsibility a...
This is an archive page containing articles from Psychology Briefs, the FindCounseling.com Blog.