Psychology News and Research Briefs Tag Archive:
Children with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Are Prime Targets for Bullies
In Peer Victimization in Children With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Relations With Symptoms of Psychopathology, published in the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, vol. 35, No. 3, researchers find that children with OCD are almost three...
Refining Parent's Approach To Discipline - Disciplining the "Callous-Unemotional" Child
A study of child-management training programs at the University of New South Wales, Australia suggests that children exhibiting a "callous-unemotional" temperament respond poorly to typical approaches to discipline such as time-out. Focusing on a group of b...
Parents of ADHD Children Also Taking Medication
Parents of children prescribed drugs to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are more than nine times likely than other parents to also take the drugs, says a study by Medco Health Solutions. Moreover, if one parent and child in the househo...
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Improving Tourette's Symptoms with Parent Management Training
A study by researchers at the Yale University School of Nursing shows that using Parent Management Training (PMT) can reduce the symptoms of children with Tourette's Syndrome and chronic tic disorders.
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Sensory Integration Dysfunction Misdiagnosed as ADHD, Autism
In a seminar by the Conejo Valley Mental Health Professionals Association last week, Dr. Shiro Perera Torquato suggested that some children diagnosed with ADHD, Asperger's syndrome or Pediatric Bipolar Disorder may in fact be suffering from Sensory Integrat...
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Study: How Childhood Abuse Impacts Adult Interactions
New York University psychologists have shown that adults may have difficulties meeting someone who reminds them of a parent who emotionally or physically abused them as children. In the study, published in the November issue of Personality and Social Psych...
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Study Okays Ritalin for Preschoolers, Debate Ensues
A long-term study of preschoolers with Attention Deficit Disorder which will appear in the November Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychology, suggests that the benefits of giving small doses Ritalin, a drug normally prescribed only...
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Effects of Tsunami Trauma on Adults and Children
Researchers studying the mental health of Thai people affected by the 2004 tsunami have found interesting differences between the mental health of children and adults affected by the tragedy. Children were found to be at a key risk for Post-Traumatic Stres...
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Depressed Youth Try Alcohol Sooner
Ten- to 13-year-olds who show signs of depression are more than twice as likely to try alcohol than their peers, a Columbia University study has shown. Interviewing more than 1000 children in this age group who had never tried alcohol, researchers found th...
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Well-Being Therapy Eases Distress in Schools
A study by Italian researchers shows that Well-Being Therapy (WBT), an approach focusing on helping patients' sense of well-being by increasing awareness of positive moments and changing thoughts that disrupt well-being, may have success in schools. One hu...
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Broken Home Doubles Chance of Schizophrenia
Whether the separation is due to death or divorce, children from broken homes are twice as likely to develop schizophrenia, a British study shows. Odds further increase when a parent dies or is absent for a year or more. The study further showed that Carib...
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Half of Relationships Suffer After First Child
A study of Australian couples shows that nearly half of couples report a "significant decline" in their relationship after they have children. However, intervention programs that address expectations about being parents and teach communication and conflict ...
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Report: Children's Shows Contain Twice the Violence of Primetime TV
An analysis of children's programming released by the Parents' Television Council (PTC) reports that shows aimed at five- to ten-year-olds involve even higher levels of violence and other mature content than many prime-time programs. Examining almost 450 ...
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Childhood Physical Abuse Shown to Cause Adult Depression
Children who are physically abused have a 59 percent higher chance of developing major depression later in life compared to other children, shows a study published in the Archives of General Psychiatry. The study followed 680 abused children and 520 non-ab...
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Does Chronic Irritability Equal Childhood Bipolar Disorder? New Study Says No
The diagnosis of pediatric Bipolar Disorder (BD) is controversial; the prescription of antidepressants to increasing numbers of diagnosed children as young as four even more so. Many doctors are reluctant to diagnose or even recognize the disease before ad...
Autism Genome Project Indentifies New Genetic Links
An international research project analyzing DNA samples from 1,168 families with two or more children with autism has located two possible sites linked to the development of the disorder: a "previously unsuspected" region of chromosome 11 and the deletion o...
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How Snoring May Lower Your Child's IQ
Sleep disorders pose an even greater threat to intellectual impairment in children than lead exposure, says a new study by the University of Virginia Health System. Studying children with enlarged tonsils and adenoids, researchers found that those who snor...
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Proposed DSM Addition to Cover Symptoms of Childhood Trauma
An article published in the latest issue of the American Psychological Association's Monitor on Psychology reports on a new diagnosis being proposed for inclusion into the 2011 edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the DSM-V....
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Belief In Status Quo Helps Some Shirk Social Responsibility
Life's not fair. For some kids, the old parental adage only becomes truer with time as they become aware of worldwide inequities in areas such as hunger, education, gender, healthcare. Others, it seems, have an easier time accepting the status quo as fair ...
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Day Care Linked to Behavior Problems
The good news for working parents? Children who spend ten or more hours per week at a day care center have stronger vocabulary skills by fifth grade, particularly if they receive high quality care. The bad news? The more time they spend in child care, the m...
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Reading Troubles Lead To Depression, Anxiety In Disadvantaged Children
Difficulties in reading may precede depression and anxiety, especially for children from low-income families, report researchers from the University of Delaware and West Chester University of Pennsylvania. A study of 105 children age four to 12 published ...
Study: Family Stability And Behavior Problems In Children
The twists and turns of parental love lives can have drastic effects on the behavior and academic success of children, particularly where divorce is involved. A new study shows just how important a stable family is to child behavior and achievement, even if...
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Survey: Bullies Torment 9 in 10 Children
Children who are bullied are more likely to show signs of depression and have suicidal thoughts later in life. As are the bullies themselves--in addition to ending up in prison. This makes news showing that nearly all children in America's schools have been...
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Divorce Nearly Doubles Chance Of Ritalin Use
A study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal shows that children whose parents have divorced are significantly more likely to be on the attention deficit disorder (ADD) drug Ritalin than children of married parents. Studying 5000 children w...
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PG-13 Films Teach Kids Violence
A report on top-earning movies marketed to adolescents published in Pediatrics shows that 87 percent of PG-13 films contain scenes of violence. Studying a sample of 77 films released between 1999 and 2000, researchers found 2251 acts of violence, with a me...
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Big Girls Don't...Go To College?
Obese girls are half as likely to attend college as their thinner peers, shows a new study appearing in Sociology of Education. They are also more likely to consider killing themselves and to try drugs or alcohol. Analyzing data on almost 11,000 adolescent...
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Night Owl Pre-Teens Prone To Bad Behavior
With summer vacation in full swing, many kids are enjoying late nights filled with sleepovers, video game competitions and all-night reading sessions. Parents, however, may want to watch those bedtimes: Experts studying the correlation between sleep and beh...
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Stubborn Streak in Toddlers Not Necessarily a Bad Thing
According to researches at the University of Texas at Austin and the University of Michigan, children between the ages of 14 and 27 months who exhibit defiant but cooperative behavior when being controlled by their mothers are not behaving badly, but rather...
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Preschoolers Say McDonald's Carrots Taste Best
The marketing of obesity-friendly foods may have the strongest effect on preschool aged children, shows a study from the August issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. Researchers asked 63 children between the ages of three and five to play ...
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PsychBriefs: September 2-8, 2007
Suicide Rates Rise in U.S. Girls A report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on 2004 suicide rates shows an eight percent increase in suicides among Americans age 10 to 24 following a 13-year decline. This increase was most dramatic among gir...
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Study Shows Autonomy Essential to Children of All Cultures
University of Illinois researchers studying parenting styles in both the U.S. and China have shown that controlling parents are destructive to children's academic achievement no matter what the cultural context. The six-month study appearing in the Septemb...
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PsychBriefs: September 9-15, 2007
Preschoolers Who Sleep Less Suffer Learning Problems Preschoolers who sleep less than ten hours per night are at risk for learning problems when they enter school, shows a six-year study of 1500 Canadian children. Children who regularly underslept before ...
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PsychBriefs: September 23-29, 2007
Could Alzheimer's Be "Type III" Diabetes? New research from Northwestern University researchers shows that Amyloid beta oglimers in the brain of Alzheimer's patients remove insulin receptors from nerve cells, rendering neurons insulin resistent, thereby dis...
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Playground Prowess and Popularity
Surveying 99 boys and 109 girls on loneliness, their peers' athletic ability and how much they liked their fellow students, researchers have found a direct correlation between perceived athletic ability and popularity.
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Violent Programming Cultivates Aggressive Behavior in Boys
A Seattle Children's Hospital Research Institute study published in the November issue of Pediatrics suggests the more violent television preschoolers view, the more likely particularly boys were to exhibit aggressive behavior.
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Hand Gestures Help Math Processing
Encouraging children to gesture as they work through unmastered math skills helps them more successfully learn how to complete the process correctly.
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That's My Choice and I'm Sticking To It
Researchers at Yale University have found that cognitive dissonance, the psychological state in which an individual's beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors are at odds, is a mind state that not only appears in adults but in children and other primates as well.
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PsychBriefs: November 25-December 1, 2007
Our weekly wrap-up of news, interesting research, and noteworthy happenings in the worlds of psychiatry, psychology, and social work.
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Guidelines for Psychopharmacological Treatment of Young Children Released
In light of a recent increase in the number of children aged 3 to 6 receiving psychiatric medication, medical professionals have released a set of treatment guidelines.
Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Cause Drop in Verbal IQ
Past research shows that attending schools in low-income areas hurts learning even when teaching does not suffer. Now, research from Harvard University shows that children who grow up in disadvantaged neighborhoods experience declines in verbal IQ.
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Foster Children Experience Marked IQ Gains Over Institutionalized Orphans
Abandoned children who receive foster care receive an average eight- to ten-point IQ boost over those who enter orphanages, shows a new study on abandoned Romanian children.
Adult Personality Type May Be Determined By Preschool
Young children who are shy tend to stay that way into adulthood, shows new research on personality that shows the same goes for aggressive children, although they tend to mellow out somewhat as time goes by.
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Review Supports Importance Of Active Father Figures
Regular contact with a father figure leads to fewer psychological problems in girls and fewer behavioral problems in boys. For low-income children, this contact also leads to a lower chance of criminal activity and improved language and reasoning skills. T...
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How Childhood Relationships Affect Expectations About Motherhood
A study of 160 women in the last trimester of their first pregnancy shows a woman's relationship with her parents during early childhood has a substantial impact on her expectations about motherhood.
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Mothers Shape Fathers' Role in Parenting
Studies show that the earlier fathers become involved with their children, the better chance kids have of doing well in school and being socially adept. But what determines fatherly involvement?
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Background Television May Impair Attention In Young Children
A new study published in the journal Child Development shows homes with a T.V. always on may harm a young child's ability to focus--even if they're not actually watching it.
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How War Changes Children's Ideas About Right and Wrong
For many of the world's children, youth is not merely a time of carefree play. The United Nations estimates that children in as many as 50 countries around the world are currently affected by war.
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Most Children On Antidepressants Not Receiving Therapy
A large-scale study on children and teens on antidepressants shows that at least half do not receive therapy in conjunction with medication. The study used data from a database of 6.8 million youth with insurance claims for antidepressants. Data showed that only about 40 percent also received a referral for at least one therapy session.
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Kindergarten Behavior Predicts High School Test Scores
Research finds that attention levels in kindergarten are strongly linked to high school achievement test scores.
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Depression and Anxiety Affect Many Preschoolers
Researchers say up to 15 percent of children under age five are affected by high levels of depression and anxiety.
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Kids, Not Teachers, Challenge Gender Roles
Even trained teachers may have trouble implementing gender equality in the classroom, while children often challenge the boundaries of sex roles on their own.
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Why Some Kids Don't Fit In
Researchers pinpoint key factors that may make social interaction difficult for children.
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When Staying Together For The Kids Is A Bad Idea
Growing up in a two-parent household carries many benefits for children--except when parents frequently argue.
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Following Injury, Anxiety Puts Children At Risk
A new study shows that one in five families who experience a serious childhood injury will return to the ER within three months. Find out why--and what you can do to prevent this from happening to your family.
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Thoughts on Happiness & Having Kids
A study shows having children doesn't make parents happier. But is being happy all that matters?
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U.S. ADHD Rates Approach 10 Percent
A survey of U.S. households shows that rates of ADHD have risen drastically.
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Success in Adulthood Linked to Childhood Impulsivity
What if an individual's success and health could be traced back to a childhood single factor? According to new research, it can.
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Exercise Equals Good Grades
Physical activity boosts academic performance.
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This is an archive page containing articles from Psychology Briefs, the FindCounseling.com Blog.